Telecommunications

First Telegraph Service Launched

 

The First TelegraphMay 24, 1844

Samuel Morse sends the first telegraphic message over a line from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore. The message, “What hath God wrought!” was transmitted to his partner, Alfred Vail, who retransmitted the same message back to Morse. This formally opened America’s first telegraph line, launching America’s first form of instant communication in history. The biblical text was selected by Annie Ellsworth, the teenage daughter of the U.S. Commissioner of Patents.

The Old World Gets Connected

Paris Rome TelephoneMay 23, 1903

Paris, France and Rome, Italy are connected by telephone for first time. Feel free to congratulate me for finding this picture at any time.

The First Cell Phone Call

Martin Cooper cell phoneApril 3, 1973

Martin Cooper, considered the “father of the cellular phone”, makes the first cell phone call on a New York City street.

Mr. Bell Calls Mr. Watson

Alexander Graham Bell With Early PhoneMarch 10, 1876

Alexander Graham Bell makes the fateful call to his assistant, Mr. Watson, which is considered the first phone call in history: “Mr. Watson come here I want you.”

Bell Receives Patent for Telephone

Alexander Graham BellMarch 7, 1876

Alexander Graham Bell receives a patent (US No. 174,465) for an “Improvement in Telegraphy,” which will later come to be known as the variable resistance telephone.

AT&T Incorporated

February 28, 1885

The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York State as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone. Eventually the companies would “merge” and thus AT&T was born.

First Phone and TV Satellite Relays

Echo 1February 24, 1962

The first satellite telephone and television relays are established through the communications satellite Echo 1. The satellite was basically a big metallic balloon that simply bounced microwaves off its surface. Simple, but effective.

First Mobile Phone Virus

Cabir VirusFebruary 23, 2005

The discovery of the first mobile phone virus, Cabir, is accounced. Specifically, Cabir is a worm which infects phones running the Symbian OS. Whenever an infected phone is activated, the message “Caribe” is displayed. Infected phones also attempts to spread the virus through Bluetooth signals.

First Telephone Book Published

First Telephone BookFebruary 21, 1878

The first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut by the New Haven Telephone Company. It lists twenty-one names. You probably have at least twice as many names in your cell phone today!

911 Begins Service

911February 16, 1968

In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.